This year Switzerland is on track to an annual average of 1.7 celsius above the mean of the last 30 years (0.5 celsius above 2018) and the hottest recorded since measurements began in 1864.
According to Meteonews, two months before the end of the year 2022 is forecast to be the warmest year in Switzerland, and by a large margin, since measurements began in 1864. The year to date increase over the 1991 to 2020 average is around 1.7°C, and 0.5°C above the warmest year previously recorded (2018).
The data show clear evidence of climate change. For instance, the near-surface air temperature in Switzerland has increased over the last 150 years by about 2°C according to the Swiss National Centre For Climate Services.
This warming is considerably greater than the current global average of 0.9 °C
According to the NCCS, the volume of the Alpine glaciers has shrunk by about 60% since the middle of the 19th century. Since 1970, the number of annual days of snowfall at 2,000m a.s.l has diminished by 20%, and below 800m a.s.l., it only snows half as often as it did then. The vegetation period is 2-4 weeks longer than in the 1960’s.
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